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Editorial: A Practical Approach to Extractables & Leachables

Alcami recently authored an article featured in Drug Development & Delivery titled "A Practical Approach to Extractables & Leachables." 

INTRODUCTION

The study of extractables and leachables (E&L) has been evolving for many years. As pharmaceutical manufacturers, packaging vendors, and regulatory agencies gain more knowledge of extractable compounds, the scope of E&L guidelines grows with it. Many of the case studies that initiated interest in extractables and leachables are based on primary packaging. In some cases, the secondary or tertiary packaging were identified as sources of leachables. As a result, the primary emphasis of extractables screens has been on the packaging systems. The approach to these screens is well established. The first iterations of regulatory guidance addressed the common packaging materials in the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) chapter <661>, which relied heavily on physiochemical testing to characterize the material of construction but did not directly address extractables testing of the final packaging materials in detail. With advancements in the manufacture of plastics and increasing variety of base polymers used for packaging systems, it became evident that more specific guidelines are needed.

Topics: Thought Leadership Editorials Extractables & Leachables

PART II: HPAPI Market Forecasts and Manufacturing Challenges

In this two-part blog series, Alcami Senior Director of Global Manufacturing Science and Technology, Adam Kujath, discusses the market forecasts and the main manufacturing challenges involving highly potent APIs.

Read Part I: HPAPI Market Forecasts and Manufacturing Challenges

As demand for contract development and manufacturing of HPAPIs continues to increase from both new and existing relationships, it is important to anticipate and proactively expand to meet those needs. At Alcami, current market trends and our small molecule expertise drive our strategy to continue to invest in new capacity and expand our capabilities within this submarket.

Topics: Thought Leadership API HPAPI Manufacturing HPAPI

PART I: HPAPI Market Forecasts and Manufacturing Challenges

In this two-part blog series, Alcami Senior Director of Global Manufacturing Science and Technology, Adam Kujath, discusses the market forecasts and the main manufacturing challenges involving highly potent APIs.

The highly potent active pharmaceutical ingredient (HPAPI) market is one of the fastest growing CDMO submarkets, approaching a 9 percent compounded annual growth rate (CAGR). There is a continued industry focus on pipeline development oncology drugs, which by nature of indication is producing compounds that are increasingly potent.

Topics: Thought Leadership API HPAPI Manufacturing HPAPI

Important Steps for Quota, Import, and Export Processes for DEA Controlled Substances

Controlled drug substances are scheduled based on medical use in treatment, potential for abuse, and dependence caused if abused— the lower the control schedule the more potential for abuse. The process to obtain approval from the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) for Schedule I-V controlled substances and List I chemicals licensing involves intricacy and a detailed timeline of approvals. This article will discuss the background of controlled substance applications and how to successfully work with the DEA.

Topics: Thought Leadership Regulatory Compliance Drug Product Controlled Substances API

Editorial: Aligning with Sponsors for Strategic Growth

As published in Pharma's Almanac Q3 2018.

In the current climate, the success of innovative small and medium-sized drug companies is increasingly important to the success of the industry as a whole. Alcami is focused on enabling the growth of these firms and, in the process, changing the structure of the market. Having demonstrated the feasibility of our integrated business model and educational strategy, we are taking these efforts to the next level through our partnership with Madison Dearborn Partners (MDP).

Topics: Thought Leadership Editorials

White Paper: Optimizing HPAPI Manufacturing Performance

Outsourcing highly potent active pharmaceutical ingredient (HPAPI) development and manufacturing is reaching an all-time high thanks to an increased demand of highly-targeted new drugs with greater efficacy at lower doses and the price of investment to handle internally. Several factors will dictate the performance of a contract development and manufacturing organization (CDMO) when handling HPAPIs. It is not merely a question of having the physical assets for high containment; outsourcing of a specialized and potentially challenging piece of the supply chain requires partnership and collaboration between the CDMO and sponsor. Any relationship is reliant upon transparency, team cohesion, and a level of experience that ensures a collaborative understanding with effective communication. Ultimately, success relies upon the equipment, experience, and a right-first-time ethos. Consider the factors discussed in this white paper when evaluating a potential CDMO partner.

Topics: Resource Center API HPAPI Manufacturing HPAPI Thought Leadership

Formulating for Orphan Indication Drug Products

According to the US Orphan Drug Act of 1983, a rare disease is defined as a condition that affects fewer than 200,000 people. The term orphan disease originated from pharmaceutical companies not having the resources to design and scale-up formulations to treat these diseases due to the lack of financial support for such highly specialized programs. The need for financial backing resulted in The Orphan Drug Act of 1983 that gave companies a means to develop treatments for rare diseases (NIH, 2017).

Rare diseases are caused by various reasons— most notably by genetics. However, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) states, “many rare diseases, including infections, some rare cancers, and some autoimmune diseases, are not inherited. While researchers are learning more each year, the exact cause of many rare diseases is still unknown” (NIH, 2017). Almost half of those affected by rare diseases are children (Global Genes, 2018).

Topics: Thought Leadership Drug Product Formulations Orphan Drugs

White Paper: A Practical Approach to Extractables and Leachables on Manufacturing Surfaces

The study of extractables and leachables is among the fastest-evolving disciplines in the pharmaceutical industry. Until recently, the primary focus of these studies has been components in direct contact with the drug product for extended periods, such as the primary packaging, or those that contact the formulation during administration, known as in-use componentry. However, the components used in manufacturing are of increasing interest as sources of potential leachables. Many components are single-use systems (SUS), polymeric in construction, and pre-treated prior to use. Each of these factors increase the potential for leachable compounds. In order to evaluate materials for potential leachable compounds, one must leverage a scientifically rigorous study design against the specific potential for drug product and packaging/surface interaction. 

Topics: Extractables Studies Extractables & Leachables Analytical Evaluation Threshold Thought Leadership Resource Center Drug Product

Successful Methods for Obtaining Orphan Drug Approval

Signed into law on January 4, 1983, the Orphan Drug Act (ODA) allows for granting special status to a drug or biological product (drug) to treat a rare disease or condition upon request of a sponsor. This status is referred to as orphan designation, or orphan status. For a drug to qualify for orphan designation, both the drug and the disease or condition must meet certain criteria specified in the ODA and US Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) implementing regulations per 21 CFR Part 316. The FDA Office of Orphan Products Development (OOPD) evaluates the scientific and clinical data submission from sponsors to identify and designate products as promising for rare diseases or conditions.

Topics: Thought Leadership Regulatory Compliance Drug Product Orphan Drugs

Considerations for Abuse-Deterrent Category One Syringeability Studies

The use of opioid medications for pain management continues to increase, generating an inevitable association with abuse and addiction. Government officials and pharmaceutical professionals alike are in need of risk mitigation approaches (Katz, 2008). The Abuse Deterrent Access Act of 2018 requires Medicare and Medicaid to report to Congress the availability of abuse-deterrent opioid pain treatments. The bill is meant to decrease the amount of barriers for their enrollees (Carter, 2018).

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has estimated that in 2016, the most recent year for which complete data are available, over 42,249 Americans died from opioid overdoses, the most of any year on record. More than 2.1 million Americans had an opioid use disorder (addiction) in 2016, with economic costs from the epidemic estimated to be as high as $504 billion dollars (Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, 2018).” Pharmaceutical companies have responded to this need through more stringent abuse-deterrent formulations and studies.

Topics: Thought Leadership Abuse-Deterrence