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White Paper: Insight into Orphan Drug Formulations and Regulations

The US Orphan Drug Act of 1983 characterizes an orphan disease as a rare medical condition that affects a population of fewer than 200,000 people. Rare diseases have various causes— most notably, genetics. However, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) states, “many rare diseases, including infections, some rare cancers, and some autoimmune diseases, are not inherited. While researchers are learning more each year, the exact cause of many rare diseases is still unknown” (NIH, 2017).

The term “orphan disease” resulted from pharmaceutical companies not having the resources to design and scale up formulations to treat these diseases, due to the lack of financial support for such highly specialized programs. The Orphan Drug Act (ODA) allows for the necessary financial backing of pharmaceutical companies to develop treatments for rare diseases (NIH, 2017), giving special status to a drug or biological product (drug) upon request of a sponsor. This status is referred to as orphan designation or orphan status.

Topics: Resource Center Oral Solid Dose Formulations Regulatory Compliance Orphan Drugs

Case Study: Stability When You Need it Most

The top pharmaceutical developers and manufacturers pride themselves on their ability to successfully manage and mitigate risk. Some implement dual sourcing strategies to secure their supply chain, like Alcami’s Protect Your Brand® program. Others invest in infrastructure to minimize project disruptions, but even the most meticulously-planned backup strategies can fail and emergencies can still disable sophisticated protection measures. What happens when critical analytical testing timelines are threatened?

In this case study, Alcami’s laboratory services experts quickly stepped in to save a new client’s key stability study, and in the process became their trusted solution provider.

Topics: Resource Center Stability

White Paper: Optimizing HPAPI Manufacturing Performance

Outsourcing highly potent active pharmaceutical ingredient (HPAPI) development and manufacturing is reaching an all-time high thanks to an increased demand of highly-targeted new drugs with greater efficacy at lower doses and the price of investment to handle internally. Several factors will dictate the performance of a contract development and manufacturing organization (CDMO) when handling HPAPIs. It is not merely a question of having the physical assets for high containment; outsourcing of a specialized and potentially challenging piece of the supply chain requires partnership and collaboration between the CDMO and sponsor. Any relationship is reliant upon transparency, team cohesion, and a level of experience that ensures a collaborative understanding with effective communication. Ultimately, success relies upon the equipment, experience, and a right-first-time ethos. Consider the factors discussed in this white paper when evaluating a potential CDMO partner.

Topics: Resource Center API HPAPI Manufacturing HPAPI Thought Leadership

White Paper: A Practical Approach to Extractables and Leachables on Manufacturing Surfaces

The study of extractables and leachables is among the fastest-evolving disciplines in the pharmaceutical industry. Until recently, the primary focus of these studies has been components in direct contact with the drug product for extended periods, such as the primary packaging, or those that contact the formulation during administration, known as in-use componentry. However, the components used in manufacturing are of increasing interest as sources of potential leachables. Many components are single-use systems (SUS), polymeric in construction, and pre-treated prior to use. Each of these factors increase the potential for leachable compounds. In order to evaluate materials for potential leachable compounds, one must leverage a scientifically rigorous study design against the specific potential for drug product and packaging/surface interaction. 

Topics: Extractables Studies Extractables & Leachables Analytical Evaluation Threshold Thought Leadership Resource Center Drug Product

eBook: Guide to Stability

Stability is an integral part of the drug development process. With every stability study, it is essential to focus on the quality attributes of the product— most importantly safety.

Throughout this guidebook, Alcami scientists will discuss stability testing procedures, the  “how” and “what” of degradation in the measurement of shelf life, the importance of storage conditions, and the necessity of following a medication’s recommended guidelines.

 


Topics: Resource Center Stability Analytical Testing

Case Study: Implementing Serialization

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a draft guidance listing the enforcement of product identifiers under the Drug Supply Chain Security Act.  Specifically, this draft guidance addresses the requirement in section 582(b)(2) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act) (21 U.S.C. 360eee-1(b)(2)) that manufacturers “affix or imprint a product identifier to each package and homogenous case of a product intended to be introduced in a transaction into commerce” beginning no later than November 27, 2017.  Ultimately, the FDA recognized the massive undertaking of such a requirement and extended the deadline to November 26, 2018.

Alcami began implementing serialization in 2015 to achieve the aggressive timelines and develop the necessary documentation needed to meet compliance.

This case study shows how Alcami has successfully transferred clients into the new serialization program.

Topics: Drug Product Resource Center Serialization Regulatory Compliance

Case Study: Orphan Drug Product

According to the Food and Drug Administration and the Orphan Drug Designation program,  orphan status is applicable to drugs and biologics which are defined as “those intended for the safe and effective treatment, diagnosis or prevention of rare diseases/disorders that affect fewer than 200,000 people in the U.S., or that affect more than 200,000 persons but are not expected to recover the costs of developing and marketing a treatment drug.” Due to the high costs and low demands of the drug product, it is important to efficiently use your API supply during the formulation process. This case study presents how Alcami successfully helped a client overcome an API supply shortage using Quality by Design studies to successfully formulate an orphan drug product. 

Topics: Drug Product Oral Solid Dose API Formulations Resource Center Thought Leadership Orphan Drugs

White Paper: 4 Factors Critical to the Financial Success of an Emerging Pharmaceutical Company

Alcami has recently authored a white paper discussing 4 factors that are critical to the financial success of an emerging pharmaceutical company.

This paper will address company structure decision making, funding approaches, perfecting the investor pitch and hitting key milestones – the exciting and challenging journey of a growing pharmaceutical company.

 

 

Topics: Resource Center

White Paper: Guide to Pharmaceutical Serialization 2017

As required by the Drug Quality and Security Act (DQSA) signed into law by President Obama on November 27, 2013, serialization will be required by pharmaceutical manufacturers on all commercially distributed prescription human drug products effective November 27, 2017. 

This guide is designed to serve as a reference for the core information, issues, and questions pharmaceutical companies must address as they work with their CDMO and other members of their supply chain.

Topics: Resource Center Serialization CDMO Supply Chain

White Paper: Extractables and Leachables Testing in the Pharmaceutical Industry

Alcami has recently authored a white paper on extractables and leachables testing in the pharmaceutical industry.

Requirements from regulatory agencies have become increasingly rigorous, with regards to the detection, dentification and quantification of extractable and chable compounds in pharmaceuticals, drug delivery systems and biomedical devices. This increased scrutiny is the result of several well-documented incidents of contaminants leaching from containers and packaging, resulting in a potential or real risk to humans.  As a result, regulatory agencies, such as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicines Evaluation Agency (EMEA), have increased regulations on potential extractables and leachables in drug product container and closure systems. 

Topics: Resource Center Extractables & Leachables